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Etulain, Richard W., ed. Does the Frontier Experience Make America Exceptional? Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 1999. In addition to the entire text of The Significance of the Frontier in American History , this edition contains essays by modern historians who analyze Turner’s ideas. Three of the essays are by New West historians who discuss how the idea of the frontier shaped the American imagination, explore gender issues in Turner’s work, and seek to answer the question, Whose frontier is it? Other essays examine the validity and meaning of Turner’s ideas for the United States in the twenty-first century.