In other languages there are more, or fewer, of these pairs depending on that language's capitalization rules. For example, in German , where all nouns are capitalized, there are many pairs such as Laut (sound) ~ laut (loud) or Morgen (morning) ~ morgen (tomorrow). In contrast, in Italian , as well as Spanish , very few words (except proper names) are capitalized, so there are extremely few, if any, such pairs. An example in Spanish is Lima (city) ~ lima file (tool) or lime (fruit) . In Portuguese, an example is Peru (country) ~ peru ( turkey bird).
Along the same lines, compare the following three sentences: I Got It off the Internet , Please Put It Off for Today , and I Hit the Off Switch . In the first example, the preposition off is lowercase. But the word must be capped in the second example because put off , meaning "to postpone," is a two-word phrasal verb (a verb of two or more words). One-word verbs, helping verbs , and phrasal verbs are always capitalized. Off is also capped in the third sentence because the word functions as an adjective in that title, and adjectives are always capitalized.