Some of these efforts have already shown promise, says Kruglanski. For example, Egypt's largest radical Islamic group, Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, renounced bloodshed in 2003, the result of a deal brokered by a Muslim attorney between the group and the Egyptian government, and a program where Muslim scholars debated with imprisoned group leaders about the true meaning of Islam. As a result, the leaders wrote 25 volumes arguing for nonviolence, and the group has perpetrated no new terrorist acts since, Kruglanski says. A second major Egyptian group, Al Jihad, renounced violence in 2007 based on a similar program.
The survivor often wonders why they survived and their friends didn’t, and they feel horrible for it. This, sadly, is a direct effect of many terrorist attacks that has been reported after other attacks than 9/11 too. A study performed on over three-thousand of the survivors of the 9/11 attacks published in the American Journal of Epidemiology “found that close to 96 percent reported at least one symptom of PTSD” (Ochs). This means that of the 3,271 survivors surveyed, and there are many who were not surveyed, 3,140 reported having a psychological syndrome caused by traumatic events like 9/11 called post-traumatic stress syndrome (Ochs). These two horrible mental illnesses are common among survivors of other terrorist attacks as well. It is a high cost to pay for any change, not only killing and physically maiming innocent civilians but also causing psychological issues that will stick with survivors the rest of their lives, which is why terrorism is never justifiable.